Cuba

 The Spanish-American War       

The United States had a strong relationship with Cuba. 50 million dollars worth of Cuban sugar, tobacco, and iron industries was owned by the United States. The Spanish ruled Cuba and this led to a revolution in 1895. President William McKinley was under an enormous amount of pressure to defend the island. Spanish Governor-General Valeriano Weyler ordered Cuban men, women, and children into concentration camps. Residing in the camp were 200,000 Cubans, 1/8th of the population died from starvation. In the concentration camp you could not tell civilians from rebels.

The leaders of the Cuban independence movement were American citizens who took no side. They were working in Cuba and were captured by the Spanish. They Americans began to demand protection from the United States. President Cleveland wanted to stay out of Spanish affairs as did President McKinley. They thought the issue was a “useless sacrifice of human life.” President McKinley offered to buy Cuba but his offer was rejected.
 The Spanish Minister to the United States, Señor Dupuy de Lome,took shots at President McKinley. He wrote in a letter that Mckinley was “a weakling…a bidder for the admiration of the crowd.” Señor Dupuy de Lome soon resigned and 6 days later U.S. battleship, Maine, was blown up outside of Cuban capital Havana. Rescuse boats were sent to retrieve the men who had made it off the ship, unfortunately two hundred fifty-four men were found dead. Many investigations were conducted to hopefully reveal the cause of the disaster, but they all failed. The only information that was discovered was that the explosion came from outside of the ship. Spain was blamed for the disaster but there is no proof they actually caused the damage.Congress demanded that Spain leave Cuba but the did not. War was declared on April 25th, 1898. Not long after, the Teller Amendment was passed. Under this amendment it stated that the United States would leave control of the government to the people of Cuba.
 
 
 The United States army was relatively small in size so it was accompanied by the First Regiment of the U.S. Cavalry Volunteers. Who were then named the “Rough Riders” and were led by Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt. The Rough Riders were composed of 1,250 men, including cowboys, Native Americans and eastern college athletes. The Rough Riders could relate to the Cubans as they had been through the American struggle for freedom. After months of fighting the Spanish the Rough Riders came out alive. Puerto Rico was won over by the United States. On August 12th an armistice was signed. The Rough Riders became heroes to the America.
Due to the contributions of the United States the Carribean was now safe. The United States was now an international player. The idea was brought up that if a piece of Panama was taken out it, it would make trips shorter but alot less of a risk.  The Hay-Bunau-Varilla treaty was signed, which provided independence to Panama but also 10-mile strip of land to build the canal.  Roosevelt said, “The canal was by far the most imporatnt action i took in foreign affairs during the time I was President.  When nobody could or would exercise efficient authority, I exercise it.” 
The Panama Canal was built but there were still problems in Cuba. The Platt Amendment allowed the United States to intervene in Cuban affairs in order to protect the government.  Plans were made to improve sanitary conditions and agree to lease territory to the United States. Cuba was pressured to add the Platt Amendmant into their constitution.  THe United States promised them a treay that grant Cuban sugar aexports access to the United States market.  THe Platt Amendment was ratified on June 12th, 1901. This amendment gave the United States the power to intervene in Cuba’s internal affairs and rights to Guantanamo Bay.
Guantanamo Bay is the oldest miltary base that resides outside of the United States.  Fidel Castro says that “the military base is only there to humiliate the Cubans, and is otherwise useless.  On June 14th, 2002 demanded that Guantanmo Bay be returned to he Cubans.  United States sends a check for 2,000 dollars a year to Cuba for the fund but the checks have never been cashed.  Cuba began to rely on the United States only until the revolution against Batista in 1959.

“Ten Thousand Miles From Tip to Tip”

Symbolises the U.S. imperialism and the U.S. stretching from the Philippines to Cuba.

 

 

Spanish American War Map of Cuba and the Philippines

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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